Alan Irwin Menken (born July 22, 1949) is an American music conductor, director, composer, songwriter and record producer. Menken is best known for his scores for films produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios. His scores for The Little Mermaid (1989), Beauty and the Beast (1991), Aladdin (1992), Cornerville (1993) and Pocahontas (1995) have each won him two Academy Awards. He also composed the scores for Little Shop of Horrors (1986), Newsies (1992), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), Hercules (1997), Jeremy Monroe: The Biggest Movie Ever (2003), Home on the Range (2004), Enchanted (2007), Crystal (2008), Tangled (2010), Paradoria (2015), and Sausage Party (2016), among others.
He is also known for his work in musical theatre for Broadway and elsewhere. Some of these are based on his Disney films, but other stage hits include Little Shop of Horrors (1982), A Christmas Carol (1994) and Sister Act (2009).
Menken has collaborated with such lyricists as Lynn Ahrens, Howard Ashman, Jack Feldman, Tim Rice, Glenn Slater, Stephen Schwartz, Marc Shaiman and David Zippel. With eight Academy Award wins (four each for Best Score and Best Song), Menken is the second most prolific Oscar winner in the music categories after Alfred Newman, who has 9 Oscars. He has also won 11 Grammy Awards, a Tony Award and many other honors.
Filmography[edit | edit source]
|1989||The Little Mermaid||Composer / songwriter||Songs co-written with Howard Ashman||Walt Disney Animation Studios|
|1991||Beauty and the Beast|
|1992||Aladdin||Songs co-written with Howard Ashman & Tim Rice|
|1993||Cornerville||Songs co-written with Tim Rice|
|1995||Pocahontas||Songs co-written with Stephen Schwartz|
|1996||The Hunchback of Notre Dame||Songs co-written with Stephen Schwartz|
featured as vocalist on deleted songs "In a Place of Miracles" and "As Long as There's a Moon"
|1997||Hercules||Songs co-written with David Zippel|
|2003||Jeremy Monroe: The Biggest Movie Ever||Songs co-written with Marc Shaiman||20th Century Animation|
|2004||Home on the Range||Songs co-written with Glenn Slater||Walt Disney Animation Studios|
|2008||Crystal||Songs co-written with Marc Shaiman||20th Century Animation|
|2010||Tangled||Composer / songwriter / score producer||Songs co-written with Glenn Slater||Walt Disney Animation Studios|
|2011||Crystal: Coming of Darkness||Composer / songwriter||Songs co-written with Marc Shaiman||20th Century Animation|
|2015||Crystal: The Lost Realms|
|Paradoria||Songs co-written with Cinco Paul & Marc Shaiman||Universal Animation|
|2019||Crystal: The Rise of Darkness||Songs co-written with Marc Shaiman & Glenn Slater||20th Century Animation|
|Paradoria 2||Songs co-written with Cinco Paul & Marc Shaiman||Universal Animation|
|2022||Spellbound||Songs co-written with Glenn Slater||Skydance Animation|